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印刷包裝人必須知道的印刷設計與生產細節

來源:http://www.703248.com/   發布時間:2021-10-23
出血
hemorrhage
出血的目的是為了保證模切準確,普通紙張一般為3mm,瓦楞一般為5-7mm。由于設計和拼版的失誤,出血可以少點,但必須保證1.5mm以上。
The purpose of bleeding is to ensure the accuracy of die cutting. Ordinary paper is generally 3mm and corrugated is generally 5-7mm. Due to the mistakes of design and composition, the bleeding can be reduced, but it must be more than 1.5mm.
燙金燙銀最小尺寸
Minimum size of gold and silver stamping
一般是保證在0.3mm,技術好的可以到0.1-0.2之間。
It is generally guaranteed to be 0.3mm, and it can be between 0.1-0.2 if the technology is good.
大度紙、正度紙、特規紙
Large size paper, positive size paper, special size paper
大度紙是指尺寸為1194*889的紙張,正度為1092*787,特規紙張是指特殊規格的紙張,一般紙廠都將紙切割成大度正度,或者根據客戶的需要切成特殊規格的紙張。
Large paper refers to the paper with the size of 1194 * 889 and the positive degree of 1092 * 787. Special paper refers to the paper with special specifications. Generally, paper mills cut the paper into large positive degrees, or cut the paper with special specifications according to the needs of customers.
此外,印刷廠光邊后的大度一般為1190*880,正度為1090*780.如果設計失誤或者要求版面特殊必須事先和廠里打招呼,否則就按說的尺寸開了。
In addition, the magnanimity after the smooth edge of the printing factory is generally 1190 * 880 and the positive degree is 1090 * 780. If the design is wrong or the layout is required to be special, you must say hello to the factory in advance, otherwise it will be opened according to the said size.
膠印用多少線:
How many lines are used for offset printing:
一般175線。也有低至150線或高至250線的。
Generally 175 lines. There are also as low as 150 lines or as high as 250 lines.
專色、四色:
Spot color, four colors:
專色是指特定的顏色,專色在印刷時,不是通過印刷C、M、Y、K四色合成的這種顏色,而是專門用一種特定的油墨來印刷的顏色。專色油墨是由印刷廠預先混合好或油墨廠生產的。對于印刷品的每一種專色,在印刷時都有專門的一個色版對應。使用專色可使顏色更準確。如:專金,專銀,等等。
Spot color refers to a specific color. During printing, spot color is not the color synthesized by printing C, m, y and K, but the color printed with a specific ink. Spot color inks are premixed by a printing factory or produced by an ink factory. For each spot color of printed matter, there is a special color plate corresponding to it during printing. Use spot color to make the color more accurate. Such as: special gold, special silver, etc.
四色是指CMYK模式印刷顏色。
Four colors refer to the printing color of CMYK mode.
用于印刷的分辨率:
Resolution for printing:
一般為300DPI。當然越高越清晰。
Generally 300dpi. Of course, the higher, the clearer.
柔?。?/div>
Flexo printing:
目前我國柔印產品處于很低的層次,印刷品質量以低、粗、簡為主,精細的多色套印不怎么過關;同時,應用范圍較小,主要印刷文字線條和實地,網點活印得不是很多。
At present, China's flexographic products are at a very low level. The quality of printed products is mainly low, coarse and simple, and the fine multi-color overprint is not very good; At the same time, the scope of application is small, mainly printing text lines and field, and the dot live printing is not very much.
KFC里裝雞翅的小紙袋就是柔性印刷,柔印一般都是用水性油墨,無味。制約柔印在中國的應用和發展,除了設備和技術上的問題外,另一個主要的原因在于設計人員不了解柔印技術的特點,導致設計和印刷之間缺乏溝通,不能充分發揮柔印的優勢。
The small paper bag containing chicken wings in KFC is flexible printing. Flexo printing is generally water-based ink, tasteless. In addition to the problems in equipment and technology, another main reason restricting the application and development of flexographic printing in China is that designers do not understand the characteristics of flexographic printing technology, resulting in a lack of communication between design and printing, and can not give full play to the advantages of flexographic printing.
柔印印品在設計時,應當避免如下方面:
Flexographic printing shall be designed to avoid the following aspects:
避免設計太小的文字及太細的線條;
Avoid designing too small text and too thin lines;
避免兩色或多色的線條及文字套??;
Avoid two-color or multi-color lines and text overprint;
避免設計細小的反白文字及線條;
Avoid designing small anti white words and lines;
避免圖片高光斷網或1%的小網點;
Avoid high light screen breaking or 1% small dots in the picture;
避免在photoshop等位圖軟件中設計文字或線條;
Avoid designing text or lines in bitmap software such as Photoshop;
避免沿印刷滾筒水平方向設計寬而長的實地和漸變;
Avoid designing wide and long fields and gradients along the horizontal direction of the printing drum;
除非特殊要求,避免將大面積實地與網點及細小文字做在同一版面上,避免操作軟件的不統一。
Unless otherwise required, avoid making a large area of the field on the same page as the dot and small text, and avoid the inconsistency of the operating software.
補漏白:
Trap:
即做套印補邊,膠印一般都是0.04-0.07mm之間,柔印看機器,一般都比較大。
That is to do overprint and edge repair. Offset printing is generally between 0.04-0.07mm. According to the flexo printing machine, it is generally large.
9黑色是否全部壓印其他顏色
9 are all black stamped with other colors
不一定,具體看黑色的面積,一般文字都是直接疊印的,遇到面積大的就一樣做補漏白。
Not necessarily. Depending on the area of black, generally the text is directly overprinted. In case of a large area, it is the same as trapping.
10遇到大面積的黑色怎么做
10 what to do when you encounter a large area of black
大面積的黑色下面最好墊一個30-40藍之間的顏色,或者相近的30-40的深色也可以,因為理論上講黑色壓任何顏色等于黑色。目的是防止印刷不夠黑和出現小白點。
Under a large area of black, it is best to pad a color between 30-40 blue, or a similar dark color of 30-40, because in theory, black is equal to black. The purpose is to prevent insufficient black printing and small white spots.
11什么是菲林?
What is film?
這里以黑白菲林為例。菲林的英文名稱是film,是薄膜或膠卷的意思。和拍照用的膠卷差不多。
Take black-and-white film as an example. The English name of film is film, which means film or film. It's similar to the film used for photography.
是用作紀錄影像的重要媒介,將圖文分色制作好,再由出片機將你分好的顏色一色一色的傳遞到一張張膠卷上,每一個膠卷上的顏色是單一的,比如有CMY三個顏色就需要出三張單色菲林片。
It is used as an important medium for recording images. The color separation of pictures and texts is made, and then the output machine transmits your divided colors to films one by one. The color on each film is single. For example, if there are three colors of CMY, three monochrome films need to be produced.
條碼
bar code
有EAN(13位,最后一位為自動生成)和UPC(12位)兩種類型。
There are ean (13 bits, and the last bit is automatically generated) and UPC (12 bits).
有專門的敲條碼軟件。條碼放大系數在80%-200%之間。條碼左右的空白區EAN左3.63mm右2.31mm,空白區只能大不能小,UPC左右一樣,為大于2.97mm。
There is a special bar code tapping software. The bar code magnification factor is between 80% - 200%. The blank area on the left and right of the barcode is 3.63mm on the left and 2.31mm on the right. The blank area can only be large but not small. It is the same as that on the left and right of UPC, which is greater than 2.97mm.
圖片在顏色搭配上應該反差大,盡量用白底黑條,金銀卡紙下應墊一白色。如果要將條碼縮短,至少保留原比例的三分之二以上。字體非強制性為推薦。所放的位置視情況而定,所放區域離壓痕線最好不要小于8mm。
The picture should have a large contrast in color matching. Try to use black bars on a white background, and a white pad should be placed under the gold and silver cardboard. If you want to shorten the bar code, keep at least two-thirds of the original proportion. The font is not mandatory and is recommended. The position depends on the situation, and the distance between the placed area and the indentation line should not be less than 8mm.
印刷效果及后道加工效果
Printing effect and subsequent processing effect
這里介紹常見的幾種效果:
Here are some common effects:
A. 磨砂:處理成一種凹凸不平的一種砂巖顆粒的感覺。
A. Frosting: it is treated into an uneven feeling of sandstone particles.
B. 燙:燙的東西很多,大家平時很容易見著,如有燙金,燙銀,燙鐳射等等。
B. Ironing: there are many ironing things that are easy to see, such as bronzing, silver ironing, laser ironing and so on.
圖片C. 上光:是為了防止圖文磨損及讓產品更為漂亮并有一定的防水功能的一種后加工,有普通光油,UV光油令產品有一種鮮麗年輕的效果,UV啞油令產品雍容華貴的效果。UV可與覆膜配合可達到非凡效果。
Picture C. glazing: it is a kind of post-processing to prevent the abrasion of pictures and texts and make the products more beautiful and have a certain waterproof function. There are ordinary varnish, UV varnish makes the products have a fresh and young effect, and UV dumb oil makes the products elegant. UV can cooperate with film covering to achieve extraordinary results.
D. 凹凸:給簡單的圖文一種立體的效果,有普通與立體之區分,立體效果更為漂亮。
D. Concavo convex: it gives a three-dimensional effect to simple graphics and texts. There is a distinction between ordinary and three-dimensional, and the three-dimensional effect is more beautiful.
圖片E:覆膜:在產品表面上覆上薄薄的膜以達到保護圖文防水優美的效果。有光膜和啞膜。
Picture e: film coating: apply a thin film on the product surface to protect the waterproof and beautiful effect of graphics and text. There are light film and dumb film.
其他
other
在設計的時候,不光要考慮出血,還要考慮機器縱向的咬口,下單的時候還要注意紙張的絲綹。
When designing, we should not only consider bleeding, but also consider the longitudinal bite of the machine, and pay attention to the grain of paper when placing an order.
當有一個顏色幾乎為滿版時,那么請將模切掉的部分盡量填為這個顏色,以防止鬼影。
When a color is almost full, please fill the die-cut part with this color as far as possible to prevent ghosts.
在紙張容許的情況下請為每一個顏色做一條不小于4mm的色帶。
If the paper allows, please make a color band of not less than 4mm for each color.
給每個顏色加一個色標,特寫是專色,這樣的目的是為了讓其他人看清楚。
Add a color code to each color, and the close-up is a spot color, so that others can see it clearly.
另外要注意的一點雖然比較簡單但卻非常重要且常有人犯這樣的錯誤:白色圖文不要疊印,文字要記得轉曲線。
In addition, it should be noted that although it is relatively simple, it is very important, and people often make such mistakes: do not overprint white pictures and texts, and remember to turn the curve.
關于印刷包裝的基礎知識及印刷注意事項今天就分享到這里,希望對我們的日常工作能有一些幫助。如果你在日常生產中遇到什么問題,也歡迎留言區告訴我們,大家一起交流。
The basic knowledge of printing and packaging and printing precautions are shared here today. I hope it can be helpful to our daily work. If you encounter any problems in daily production, you are also welcome to tell us in the message area and communicate with us.
關鍵詞:印刷包裝、印刷工藝、印刷家
Key words: printing packaging, printing technology, printer
印刷家,印企服務好管家
Printer, printing enterprise, good service, housekeeper
印刷家,為印企提供供應鏈采購、線上金融授信、色彩管理標準化、專色調配、印機維護、干冰清洗、管理咨詢、線上培訓、創新發展訓練營等專業服務。
Printers provide professional services for printing enterprises, such as supply chain procurement, online financial credit, color management standardization, spot color allocation, printer maintenance, dry ice cleaning, management consulting, online training, innovation and development training camp and so on.
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